Statistics Centre – Abu Dhabi (SCAD) has recently released the electronic version of the Statistical Yearbook of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi – 2011.
In the foreword introducing the book, Butti Ahmed Mohammed Al Qubaisi commended this important publication and the arduous efforts made in collecting data and compiling the indicators set forth in the book.
Al Qubaisi pointed out that the book sheds light on a whole range of development indicators in Abu Dhabi, including economic, social demographic, cultural and environmental indicators over the past six years, tracking the progress achieved under the wise leadership of His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi; and the unlimited support of General Shaikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.
He also noted that Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook – 2010 presents about 534 statistical indicators, surpassing last year’s issue by about 112 new indicators, along with added new tables and updated information and figures that have been added in the context of SCAD’s continued efforts to achieve a qualitative shift in terms of data coverage, accuracy and presentation, in a way that would facilitate the study and analysis of their implications for the future and in working out integrated plans and strategies for sustainable development in line with Abu Dhabi Vision – 2030.
SCAD’s Director General added that the Statistical Yearbook of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi – 2011, is released at a relatively early point in time during the year, translating the Centre’s awareness about the importance of timely availability of statistical data in decision- and policy making at all levels for the public and private sectors alike, noting that the new yearbook will be available online on SCAD’s website, thus broadening access to the publication in order to maximize its usefulness.
In the conclusion of the foreword, Al Qubaisi extended his thanks to the strategic partners of the Centre, including departments and local government bodies and private sector institutions, for their assistance to the Centre in collecting data, conducting surveys and ensuring accuracy of indicators, their cooperation being one of the main factors that made this yearbook a publication of interest to all segments of society, expressing his hope it will help to meets the needs of the emirate’s sustainable development strategy at all levels.
The Statistical Yearbook of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi – 2011 consists of six main sections, namely, the economy, industry and business, population and demography, social statistics, labor force, agriculture and the environment.
The book highlights a range of key economic indicators for 2010, such as the gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices, contribution of oil to the GDP, the GDP by economic activity, per capita GDP, foreign direct investment (FDI), fixed capital formation by economic activity, workers’ compensations, Abu Dhabi Government’s finance, exports of oil and gas and petroleum products, non-oil exports, re-exports, imports, and the rate of inflation, in addition to diverse indicators about other economic activities.
A number of new indicators show that the economy of Abu Dhabi has overcome the impact of the financial crisis, boosting the confidence of both the firms and consumers.
Real estate prices have stabilised, following the downturn this sector experienced in 2009 in economies across the world in the wake of the global financial crisis, which was coupled with a sharp drop in oil prices posing formidable challenges to various economies worldwide, especially the GCC economies, being heavily dependent on oil.
The new issue of Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook represent the first official proof that the Emirate of Abu Dhabi has fully recovered from the repercussion of the global economic crisis, with data indicating record gains of AED 85 billion during the year 2010, which saw the GDP at current prices grow by 15.9 percent to AED 620.2 billion, up from AED 546.5, surpassing all expectations released earlier by several local and international circles. Total fixed capital formation grew by 14 percent to AED 177.5 billion in 2010, up from AED 155.5 billion in 2009.
These results attest to the resilience and strength of the emirate’s economy and boost its appeal from the point of view of local and foreign investors.
According to the new issue of Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook, the growth achieved by emirate’s economy stands in testimony to the fact the Emirate of Abu Dhabi has fully recovered from the repercussion of the global economic crisis, realizing record gains of AED 85 billion during 2010, which saw the GDP grow to AED 620.2 billion, up from AED 546.5 billion.
Supported by its huge financial surpluses, the strong growth in non-oil sectors and activities, high oil prices and other factors the economy of the emirate was fast to overcome the consequences of this the global financial crisis and, interestingly, achieve some benefits from it. For instance, inflation retreated to a normal level of only 3 percent during 2010. In addition, the crisis gave impetus to non-oil activities, which achieved strong growth during the past two years.
Despite the importance of oil to the economy of Abu Dhabi, the Emirate pursues an ambitious policy that seeks to expand and diversify the economy in order to fortify it against volatile oil prices.
In this regard, it can be seen from the results set forth in the Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook 2011 that oil accounted for only 49.7 percent of the GDP of the Abu Dhabi in 2010. This result confirms that the Emirate’s programmes to expand the economic base and diversify the sources of income are progressing successfully and in line with the Abu Dhabi Vision 2030.
On the other hand non-oil activities/sectors contributed 50.3 percent of the emirate’s GDP, achieving a relatively high growth rate of 5.6 percent during 2010.
Preliminary data on the GDP of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi over the past year included in the Statistical Yearbook indicate that all the activities and economic sectors achieved positive growth rates at varying degrees in 2010, most notably the mining and quarrying activity, which grew by 28.9 per cent, fuelled by the sharp rise in oil prices in world markets.
The financial corporations sector also recorded a high growth rate (14.4 per cent), while manufacturing grew by 10.8 per cent, real estate and business services by 6.4 per cent, wholesale and retail trade and repair services by 5.3 per cent and hotels and restaurants by 4.6 per cent.
Furthermore, non-oil sectors and activities achieved positive growth rates, ranging from 1.3 per cent for the transport, storage and communications to 2.2 per cent in agriculture, livestock and fisheries.
Foreign trade is an important component of Abu Dhabi economy. The volume of the merchandise foreign trade of Abu Dhabi was worth 23.7 per cent of the Emirates GDP in 2009, reflecting the Emirate’s robust and highly developed level of commercial activity and the significance of foreign trade for the Emirate’s economy in general. The new issue of Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook reveals that the total value of the commodity exports of Abu Dhabi in 2009 were equivalent to 41.2 percent of the GDP for that year, while imports were worth 17.5 percent of the GDP in 2009.
According to the yearbook, the total value of commodity imports to Abu Dhabi in 2010 amounted to AED 86.6 billion, the main imports being machinery and transport equipment, which accounted for 52.3 per cent of imports. The top supplier was USA, from which the Emirate received imports worth AED 11.8 billion. Total non-oil exports amounted to AED 11.6 billion, with the key goods being machinery and transport equipment, which constituted 53.8 per cent of the total non-oil exports. Brazil was the top destination of Abu Dhabi non-oil exports, receiving goods worth AED 2.8 billion in 2010.
In 2010 re-exported goods worth AED 11 billion. The top category was machinery and transport equipment, which made up 65.5 per cent of total re-exports. The Kingdom of Bahrain was the top destination of Abu Dhabi’s re-exports, receiving goods valued at AED 3.6 billion.
The largest volume of foreign trade was exchanged with Asian countries, which supplied Abu Dhabi with imports worth AED 38.4 billion and received from the Emirate non-oil exports valued at AED 5.5 billion and re-exports worth AED 10.1 billion.
SCAD’s yearbook included statistics and indices on the levels of consumer and wholesale prices in the local market, in addition to the consumer price index (CPI), and inflation rates. Statistics Centre- Abu Dhabi collects these prices from the markets of Abu Dhabi periodically.
Price statistics are normally represented by price indices, which are among the most important statistical indicators produced by statistics bureaus. One of the key price indices issued by the Statistics Centre – Abu Dhabi is the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) with 2007 as a base year. A price index is a measure the average change in the prices of goods and services between two periods of time: a reference period called the base period, against which the prices of another period(s) known as the comparison period(s) are measured.
Annual and monthly inflation rates can be calculated using estimates of the CPI. According to CPI calculations for the period under review, the inflation rate in 2010 was at 3.06%, which means that consumer prices grew by 3.06 percent in 2010.
The “Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels” group and the “Food and non-alcoholic beverages” group contributed 55.4 per cent and 36.8 per cent of total inflation in 2010, while the “Clothing and footwear” group detracted 28 per cent from total inflation during the aforesaid period, reflecting a drop of 8.3 per cent in the average prices of this group, due to a fall in the prices of the “Clothing” and “Footwear” subgroups by 6.9 percent and 22.7 percent, respectively.
Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook monitors the growing role of financial intermediation, setting forth the key indicators of this activity and including statistics from the Survey of Banks and Financial Establishments run by SCAD, in addition to the main performance indicators of the Abu Dhabi Securities Market. The book provides data on the financial intermediation and insurance activity, which contributed approximately 5.6 of the emirate’s GDP in 2009. In the securities market, the value of shares traded had been making steady gains prior to 2009, achieving AED 34.6 billion in 2010. Furthermore, the market capitalization of the shares traded remained unaffected, reaching AED 294.6 billion and AED 283.9 billion in 2009 and 2010, respectively. In 2010 66 listed companies were trading in the Abu Dhabi Securities Market.
SCAD’s Yearbook – 2011 also presents statistics on labour compensations. These include the salaries and wages of employees and their benefits in cash and in kind. The compensation received by workers in all economic activities rose 9.1 percent to AED 117.4 billion in 2010. Employees in the non-financial corporations sector received the largest share (73.9 percent) of workers compensations in 2010.
SCAD’s Yearbook 2011 presents a wide range of statistics on all aspects of economic activity in the emirate, such as the indicators of the oil sector, which show that Dhabi’s oil reserves stood at 92.2 billion barrels in 2009, while the Emirate’s total natural gas reserves were estimated at 212 trillion cubic feet for the same year.
In 2010, average production of crude oil was 2.3 million barrels per day, while that of natural gas was 4,847 million cubic feet per day.
Electrical power generation reached 41,713,000 MWH in 2010, compared to 39,219,090 MWH in 2009, while per capita electricity consumption increased from 19 MWH in 2009 to 21 MWH in 2010.
In the tourism sector the emirate had 115 hotel establishments in 2010. The year under review also saw the number of guests grow by about 17.7% and the number of hotel rooms by 10.2%. Occupancy rate was 64.7%, while the average length of stay in 2010 was 2.8 nights.
In the transport sector, 668,833 new and renewed vehicle road permits were issued during 2009. Aircraft movements at the airports of Abu Dhabi and Al Ain reached 204,260 flights in 2010.
There are several underlying factors behind the Emirate’s attractive investment climate, including a strategic geographic location, highly developed infrastructure, the miscellaneous facilities offered by the Emirate’s free zones and industrial cities, very low tax, easy access to energy sources and credit facilities, etc.
Investment statistics for 2010 show that the total number of registered business reached 96,381, of which 10.4% were newly licensed businesses, compared with 86,402 businesses in 2009 of which 14.7% were licensed during the same year.
There are huge opportunities for Abu Dhabi to enhance the local business environment, attract more foreign investments, improve the value added in the local economy and increase non-oil exports.
The Government pays particular attention to sustainable development and regards manufacturing as one of the promising sectors in this regard. According to Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook 2011, manufacturing made up 27.2 percent of the gross output of industrial activity and accounted for 10.8 percent of the value added in 2009.
One of the most important manufacturing activities in the emirate is the basic metals industry, which is key to the development of the manufacturing activity, having accounted for 6.1 percent of the gross output and about 3 percent of the total value-added of the manufacturing activity in 2009.
Abu Dhabi is one of the world’s major producers of oil, which was discovered in commercial quantities for the first time in 1958. Since then the emirate has been able to achieve remarkable progress in the investment and development of its oil reserves and natural gas.
According to the figures presented in SCAD Yearbook 2011, Abu Dhabi now ranks sixth worldwide in terms of proven oil reserves, and accounts for 8 percent of OPEC’s production. In addition, the emirate ranks seventh worldwide in terms of natural gas reserves.
Oil revenues constitute the main source of funding for Abu Dhabi’s programmers of sustainable development and income diversification. It is estimated that the value added of this activity contributed 44.6 percent of the Emirate’s GDP in
This led the Government to adopt a plan aiming to diversify the economic base and significantly reduce this percentage in the coming years, since such diversification offers a true guarantee for a balanced and sustainable development.
The book also presents statistics on oil and natural gas activities, including oil production and exports, in addition to data on gas liquefaction and oil refining.
There are two refineries in Abu Dhabi Emirate, with a combined refining capacity of 600 thousand barrels per day. The Emirate plans to build a third refinery in the Emirate of Fujairah with a capacity of 300 thousand bpd.
Abu Dhabi Yearbook – 2011 illustrate the remarkable development achieved in the petrochemical industry of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, which has been evolving constantly, benefiting from the availability of the basic inputs, which give this sector the opportunity to manufacture high-quality products and ensure market success. This section of the yearbook also provides data on the emirate’s basic petrochemical products, which include polyethylene and fertilisers, such as urea and ammonia.
Electricity and water: Since March 1998 the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) has become the higher supervisory authority regulating the water and electricity activity in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and implementing government policies in this regard.
The Government accords special importance to this activity, being one of basic constituents of the infrastructure. It to be noted here that privatization of this activity has had a clearly favourable impact in enhancing it productive efficiency.
In 2010 total electricity consumption in the Emirate Abu Dhabi was 40,644 GWH, of which the share of Abu Dhabi region was 63.6 percent, followed by Al-Ain region (24.4 percent) and the Western region (12.0 percent).
The Emirate’s water consumption totalled 192, 028 million imperial gallons, of which Abu Dhabi region consumed 60.6 per cent, Al Ain region 26.6 per cent and the Western region 12.8 per cent.
Construction: construction is one of the key economic activities in the economy. In 2009, construction accounted for 14.8% of the emirate’s GDP, reflecting the strength and the development of this sector in the emirate.
Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook 2011 provides data on the major economic indicators of the construction activity, along with new tables and updated information on the building permits issued by the municipalities, with unified terminology used in the tables issued by all municipalities.
In 2010 the number of building permits issued, which serves as an indicator of developments in this activity, reached 7,747 permits for residential buildings, marking an increase of 16.3 percent over the number of permits issued in 2009. In addition, 3,785 non-residential building permits were issued in 2010. Some 28 percent of the licenses issued were for construction of new buildings.
Transport: the statistics laid out in this section highlight the main features of the transport sector and include detailed data on licensed vehicles, traffic accidents, length of roads and air and maritime transport in 2010.
The transport activity is one of the key activities in the Emirate, given its significant contribution to the GDP and its role in connecting the emirate’s geographical regions. Transport activities are done through three modes, namely air, sea, and road (land) transport and its related support services.
In 2009 the number of vehicles and heavy equipment in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi totalled 668,800 vehicles. Aircraft movement through the emirate’s two international airports (Abu Dhabi Airport and Al-Ain Airport) in 2010 was 204.3 thousand flights, up 93.8 percent compared with 2009, while passenger traffic was 11.1 million passengers, marking a rise of 14 percent compared to 2009.
Hotels: the government of Abu Dhabi pays particular attention to the tourism sector to evolve into one of the engines of the economy as envisaged in the Abu Dhabi 2030 vision, which aims to diversify the emirate’s economy and income sources. Statistics Centre – Abu Dhabi has therefore accords special importance to hotel indicators and closely monitors the significant growth this sector has experienced in recent years.
The data presented in SCAD’s Statistical Yearbook – 2010 show that the number of Abu Dhabi hotel establishments increased by 5.5 percent to 115 establishments in 2010. This was accompanied by a growth of 10.2 percent in the number of hotel rooms, while the number of guests reached 1812. This significant rise in the number and capacity of hotels reduced the occupancy rate by 10.4 percent from 72.2 percent in 2009 to 64.7 percent in 2010, even though the number of hotel guests rose by 17.7 percent in 2010.
Figures also point to a slight rise in the average length of stay from 2.8 in 2009 to 2.83 in 2010. There has also been a rise in the number of guests for all nationalities except European nationals, for whom the number declined by about 3%, while it grew for other nationalities by 23.1 percent. The year 2010 also saw the number of guest nights increase by 18.8% for various nationalities, but declined by 10.0 for guests from Australia and the Pacific.
Population and demography: Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook 2011 presents data on the size, distribution and structure of the population of the Abu Dhabi emirate. The book also dedicates a section vital statistics, containing data on births, deaths, marriage and divorce, and arrivals and departures of individuals to and from the Emirate.
The Abu Dhabi Census 2011 is scheduled for the fourth quarter of the current year. The Census will provide a comprehensive, accurate, and updated database about the residents of emirate of Abu Dhabi and their demographic characteristics, for both nationals and non-nationals. The pre-census population estimates given in the 2011 Statistical Yearbook are therefore subject to revision after the results of the Abu Dhabi Census 2011 become available in the first half of 2012.
Births, fertility and mortality: the data given by SCAD’s Yearbook – 2010 on these vital event show that there were 29366 registered births in 2010, of which 15275 were males and 14090 were females. Registered deaths for the same year were 2879, of which 2051 were males and 826 were females.
The crude birth rates for nationals, non-nationals and the total population were 31.1, 10.3 and 14.9 births per 1000 population respectively.
Life expectancy at birth is defined as the average number of years to be lived by a new born baby if he/she experiences throughout his/her life the set of age-specific mortality rates observed in a certain time period. In 2010 life expectancy at birth was 74.9 years for males and 77.0 females. The corresponding figures for nationals and non-nationals were 76.2, 74.6, years respectively.
The percentages of births likely to survive to the age of 65 years among nationals and non-nationals are almost identical (85 per cent). The corresponding figures among nationals by gender are 83.2 per cent and 87.0 per cent for male and female births respectively.
The percentages of individuals likely to survive from 15 to 60 years of age among nationals and non-nationals are 91.7 per cent and 92.9 per cent respectively. The corresponding figures among nationals by gender are 90.1 per cent and 93.4 per cent for male and female adults respectively.
The 2010 infant mortality rates for nationals, non-nationals and the Emirate’s total population are 7.8, 7.8 and 8.0 infant (less than one year old) deaths per 1000 live births, respectively. The corresponding figures among nationals by gender are 8.3 male infant deaths per 1000 male live births and 6.9 female infant deaths per 1000 female live births.
Marriage and divorce statistics: according to marriage and divorce statistics presented in Abu Dhabi Yearbook 2011, 5,848 new marriages were registered in 2010, with the wife being an Emirati national in 3,242 of them. The number of divorces during the same year was 1,769, of which 820 cases involved female nationals.
The singulate mean age at first marriage (SMAM) shows a trend towards marriage at older ages. The SMAM for female nationals increased from 23.7 years in 1995 to 25.9 years in 2010, while the SMAM for male nationals did not show an equally significant increase (rising only slightly from 25.3 to 26.5 years in 2010).
In 2010, Al Ain Region had a higher refined marriage rate (15.7) than Abu Dhabi Region (12.4) and Western Region (6.5). The refined divorce rate for the same period was slightly higher in Abu Dhabi Region (1.8) than in Al Ain (1.7).
As is the case of refined marriage rate, the Western Region also had the lowest refined divorce rate (0.4).
The refined marriage rate in a given region/country in a specific year/period of time is defined as the number of marriages (and not the number of married couples) per 1000 unmarried population (who have never been married, or who are divorced or widowed) aged 15 years and above within that region/country in that year/period of time.
The refined divorce rate within a given region/country in a specific year/period of time is defined as the number of divorces (and not the number of divorced couples) per 1000 married population aged 15 and above in that region/country in that year/period of time.
Social Development: Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook – 2011 explores the Emirate’s remarkable achievements in the various spheres of social development, such as education. The Government of Abu Dhabi has spared no effort in providing high quality education facilities, health and social welfare services, security, justice and involvement of the stakeholders in these sectors in setting priorities and strategies.
The emirate seeks to provide advanced services that meet the highest international standards. The health sector in the Emirate of Dhabi, for instance, is served by a high level of expertise and has access highly developed infrastructures and resources, while individuals are covered with comprehensive health schemes.
Education is considered the corner stone of the social development process in the emirate. The Government of Abu Dhabi therefore attaches great importance to development of the education sector and spends unstintingly to provide the resources and expertise it requires.
In addition, the universities and institutions of higher learning created by the emirate’s government meet the highest standards worldwide.
Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook – 2010 provides detailed educational statistics for the academic year 2009 / 2010, in which the number of schools in the Emirate was 489 (305 government and 184 private), including 53 Kindergartens, 91 primary schools, 62 preparatory schools, 46 high schools and 237 multistage schools. These schools have 12,038 classrooms, with 291,512 pupils, 20,372 teachers and 5,299 administrators. The number of pupils per teacher was 14.3 and the number of pupils per classroom was 24.2.
The gross enrolment ratio in the first cycle for the school year 2008/2009 was 88.1 percent for males and 96.3 percent for females, while total ratio was 91.9 per cent. The net enrolment ratios were 76.1 per cent for males and 81.5 for females, while the total ratio was 78.6 per cent.
Regarding higher education facilities, the number of universities totaled 9 in the 2009/2010 school year, including 3 government and 6 private universities, in addition to 13 colleges and 7 institutes.
The academic year 2009/2010 witnessed the graduation from higher education of 7273 students, of whom 4352 students graduated from the government institutions and 2919 from private institutions.
Educational Enrollment: the number of students enrolled in all educational stages up to the secondary level in 2009/2010, was 291314 (excluding 198 students in institutions of special education), of whom 148079 were males, and 143235 were females. Accordingly the female/male ratio was 96.7 per cent. This ratio was 109.9 per cent in the government education and 87.7 per cent in the private education.
The gross enrolment ratio is defined as the number of students, regardless of their age, enrolled in a particular education stage to the number of population in that stage’s official age group multiplied by 100. The 2008/2009 gross enrolment ratio in the first cycle was 91.9 per cent, the corresponding ratios for males and females were 88.1 per cent and 96.3 per cent, respectively.
The net enrolment ratio is defined as the number of enrolled students in the official age range of a particular education stage to the number of population in that stage’s official age group multiplied by 100. The 2008/2009 net enrolment ratio in the first cycle was 78.6 per cent, the corresponding ratios for males and females were 76.1 per cent and 81.5 per cent, respectively.
Health: the health sector receives special attention from the emirate’s government. Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook – 2011 points out the impressive strides achieved in Abu Dhabi Health services in terms of quality and expansion.
The year 2010 data also reveal an increase in the number of health professionals and resources. In this regard, the number of physicians was 4757 and the number of nurses was 8,221. The number physicians, nurses and beds /1000 population was 2.4, 4.2 and 1.8, respectively.
The health sector data also point to a rise in the number of number of physicians in government hospitals from 1,822 in 2009 to 2026 in 2010. In addition, the number of outpatients grew from 1,331,900 in 2009 to 1,386,700 in 2010, while admitted patients increased from 105,100 in 2009 to 105,200 in 2010.
Although the number of hospitals fell from 39 in 2009 to 33 in 2010, due to the adoption of a new classification of health establishments, health services have developed remarkably during the period in question, with the number of health centers growing from 360 in 2009 to 435 and clinics from 207 to 239 in 2010.
The health sector data also point to a rise in the number of number of physicians in government hospitals from 1,822 in 2009 to 2026 in 2010. In addition, the number of outpatients grew from 1,331,900 in 2009 to 1,386,700 in 2010, while admitted patients increased from 105,100 in 2009 to 105,200 in 2010.
Although the number of hospitals fell from 39 in 2009 to 33 in 2010, health services have developed remarkable during the period in question, with the number of health centers growing from 360 in 2009 to 435 in 2010, and clinics from 207 to 239. Furthermore, the number of available hospitals beds increased from 3,621 in 2009 to 3,579 in 2010.
Social Welfare: according to the social welfare statistics set out in Abu Dhabi Statistical Yearbook – 2011, the largest proportion (27.5 percent) of social aid beneficiaries were the elderly, followed by cases associated with divorce, which accounted for 23.5 percent of total beneficiaries. Social assistance provided to the elderly in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi reached AED 185 million, while 124 million AED went to divorcees.
There has been a monthly growth in the number of cases entitled to social benefits from 10884 cases in January, costing over AED 51 million, to 11,814 cases in December costing over AED 55 million.
The number of employees working at nurseries (under supervision of the Ministry of Social Affairs) increased from 282 in 2005 to 836 in 2010, with the number of nurseries doubling from 31 to 66 over the same period.
The number of non-governmental organizations, which provide cultural and public services, increased from 42 in 2005 to 50 in 2010.
Agriculture and the Environment: statistical data on agriculture and the environment, statistical data and information offer indispensable support to decision-making. Such data also gives insight into a wide range of economic activities and serves as a basis for building plans and projects aimed at developing and promoting sustainable agriculture sector that preserves the environment and contribute to the enhancement of food security.
In spite of the daunting challenges facing this sector, such as water scarcity, high soil salinity, elevated temperatures and high humidity, sound agricultural policies and plans can prove very beneficial to the agricultural sector, not only in terms of the sector’s output and its contribution to the economy, but in other ways as well, such as improving air quality.
The policies and programmes of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi are becoming increasing responsive to the rising awareness about the importance of better and cleaner environment. Environmental issues are quite complicated since they involve diverse areas such as air, water resources, soil and their impacts on human health and development.
Therefore, providing efficient statistics covering important environmental aspects has become a necessity for policy makers, analysts and researchers in order to work on the conservation and development of the emirate’s resources.
Statistics centre- Abu Dhabi seeks to provide agricultural and environmental statistics that monitor the real status and cover all its aspects as well as keep track of the developments taking place in both areas in order to follow through with the emirate’s plan to achieve sustainable development.
Agriculture and Livestock: agriculture and fisheries activity is one of the main sectors of production and one of the components of the GDP, in addition to being the source of a wide range of food commodities and a supplier for the Emirate’s numerous food processing industries. The agricultural policy further aims to bolster the contribution of Agriculture to economic development raise efficiency in utilising available agricultural resources technically, economically, and environmentally to attain sustainable development. It also aims to maximize productivity, support agricultural industries, and increase their GDP contribution, as well as achieve a balanced development in the agricultural sector in relation to other economic sectors.
The statistics presented in this section of the yearbook include data on the number and area of farms and indicators of the area under crops and the quantities and values of agricultural yield. In 2010, there were 24,290 agricultural holdings in the Emirate, with a total area of 747,679 donums. About 87 per cent of the area was put to various kinds of agricultural land use. The sheep and goats inventory in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi totalled about 2.3 million head. The bulk of this is concentrated in Al-Ain region, where 63 per cent of the emirate’s sheep and goats are raised. The camel inventory totaled 378,076 head, 54 per cent of which are in Al-Ain region. Cattle populations are more or less evenly spread over the Emirate’s three regions in 2009.
The Environmental: the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is showing an increasing interest in environment protection, and the conservation of natural resources. Environmental statistics reveal the impact of development on a number of key elements of environmental statistics, such as climate, air, water, and waste management.
In 2010, the average minimum temperature of the Abu Dhabi Emirate was 23 C while the average maximum temperature was 34.8 C. Average annual rainfall decreased from 81.8 mm in 2009 to 23.2 mm in 2010. Average minimum relative humidity was 33.1 per cent while average maximum relative humidity was 78.1 per cent. Average atmospheric pressure was 1,008.7 hectopascal and the maximum daily solar radiation exceeded 8,000 Watt /m/h in some areas.
In regard to air quality, the concentrations of air pollutants in 2010 were within their allowable limits in general except for particulate matter (also abbreviated PM 10, i.e. particles with a diameter of 10 microns or less). In 2010, the annual average concentration of PM 10 reached 226.6 mcg/m3 in the region of Abu Dhabi, with the highest averages recorded in the residential and industrial areas in the emirate.
The quantity of treated wastewater in 2010 was 246.6 MCM. Abu Dhabi region accounted for about 74 per cent of treated wastewater, while the share of Western region did not exceed 3.6 per cent of the total. Average withdrawal of groundwater decreased by 6.2 per cent to 2,250.9 MCM.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi generated more than 27.3 thousand tons of waste per day in 2010, which adds up to approximately 9.97 million tons annually. Construction and demolition waste constituted the highest percentage with 74 per cent of the total amount of waste generated in the emirate.